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Helping Children Learn


“Reading feeds pupils’ imaginations and opens up a treasure-house of wonder and joy for curious young minds” National Curriculum 2013 


Reading in Year 1


In Year 1, children are focusing on developing their knowledge, understanding and application of phonics.  We use the Letters and Sounds scheme to help children learn the sounds that are made by different letters, and combinations of letters.  These are taught in phases, Phase 2 is single letter sounds (many children will already be confident with this when they leave YR), Phase 3, 4 and 5 are increasing challenging combinations of letters, that make sounds when reading, and help with spelling when writing.  All children will take part in the national Phonics Screening in June of Year 1.  This helps us to identify how secure their phonics knowledge is, and where they may need extra support to become confident and competent readers and writers.


Children are allocated appropriate books on the online reading scheme Bug Club.  Some parents may prefer to share a real book with their child, and this can be arranged with the class teacher.  Children are heard read regularly at school, using the Oxford Reading Tree scheme.


Your class teacher will be able to tell you which Phase of phonics your child is working on.  Here are some helpful resources to support practice at home:

Reading in Year 2 


Reading in Year 2 consists of two dimensions:

  • Word reading. Skilled word reading involves breaking a word down into the individual sounds and then blending the sounds together to say the word. Children use their knowledge of phonics to do this.

  • Comprehension. Comprehension skills in year 2 develop through discussions about a range of stories, poems and non-fiction texts.


Daily Guided Reading sessions in year 2 involve children reading texts appropriate to their level. They are heard to read and they complete comprehension tasks about the text. These tasks could involve basic fact retrieval, inference and deduction, prediction or comparing the story to their own lives or other books they have read. In the afternoons children are heard read individually.  


At home, children should be using Bug Club and any other opportunity (eg rules of games, comics, instructions) to read as often as possible.  When they are reading, they should be able to discuss what they have read so far, what they think will happen next, and why, discuss the characters, and compare the story to their own life.